1918: War hero and successful racer Tony Rolt was born. He contested three World Championship GPs – all at Silverstone – but is best-known for his Le Mans win with Jaguar. He won the French enduro in 1953 in a C-type with Duncan Hamilton to become the first crew to average 100mph around the Circuit de la Sarthe.
1955: Stirling Moss completed the sportscar treble for the season by adding victory in the Targa Florio to his Mille Miglia and Tourist Trophy wins in the Mercedes 300 SLR. Moss was paired with fellow Brit Peter Collins and they finished four-and-a-half minutes ahead of the second 300 SLR of Juan Manuel Fangio and Karl Kling.
1985: Australian MotoGP ace Casey Stoner was born. He won 38 races for Ducati and Honda and took the 2007 and 2011 titles. He retired at the end of 2012 and spent a year in V8 Supercars before returning to MotoGP testing duties for Ducati.
2011: British IndyCar top name Dan Wheldon was killed in a multi-car pile-up in the early laps of the season-closing Las Vegas race. The 33-year-old, who won the IndyCar crown in 2005, had won the Indy 500 for a second time earlier that year.