The 3rd Duke of Richmond was England's greatest patron of Sèvres porcelain. Most other English collectors of Sèvres acquired their porcelain some years after it had been made, at the time of the French Revolution or in the 19th century. The Goodwood porcelain dinner service is unique in England because it was actually ordered at the factory in 1765.
The service is on full display in cases in the Card Room. Our guides are delighted to talk to visitors about each of the different items on show. In addition, there are little tea services in other colours, and stunning, dark blue neo-classical vases, all of which are also Sèvres porcelain.
Garniture of three vases
1765, Sèvres, soft-paste, comprising a vase à couronne (35.5cm / 13in high), and a pair of vases Danemark à gauderon (21.7cm /8½in high), the latter bearing factory marks of interlaced Ls, one with date letter for 1765 and the other for 1766. Painter's mark for Jean-Louis Morin, fl.1754-87. Believed to be those purchased by the 3rd Duke and Duchess of Richmond on their first visit to the factory on 12 November 1765.
Books and export porcelain acquired by the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Dukes of Richmond, and their Duchesses.
When he was living in Paris as British Ambassador, the 3rd Duke travelled, with his Duchess, to Sèvres, south west of Paris. Here they ordered a dinner service. Most of the large collection of Sèvres in the Goodwood porcelain collection, which is marked 1765 and 1766, comprises this blue and green dessert service. This was extremely rare, as clients would normally order one colour only. Even more personalised are the exotic and colourful birds on the china, which were copied at the time from albums of original prints from the Goodwood library. Versions of the prints also hang in the Card Room, and are of interest to bird-lovers.
Laid out for tea, comprising (clockwise from right) a teapot or théière Calabre of extra-large size; a double-ogee cup or gobelet Hébert, with matching five-lobed saucer; a sugar basin or sucrier Bouret; and a slop basin, variously 1765-66. Of the eighteen teacups at Goodwood, fifteen were painted by Chappuis. This service is entirely green but the service used at the dinner table for the desert course is both blue and green.
Presumed to be the vase 'Bachelier à serpents, first recorded in 1766 and designed by Jean-Jacques Bachelier, Artistic Director at Sévres. The mazarin-blue beaker is Chelsea.
Sèvres Wine Cooler or Seau à Bouteille
Dated 1766 and standing in front of a hand-coloured engraving of ‘The King of the Vultures’ by George Edwards, from his Histoire Naturelle de Divers Oiseaux, 1745, vol. I, plate 11, dedicated to the 2nd Duke of Richmond, from which the image on the wine cooler was copied. Sèvres painters used images of real, rather than imaginary, birds for the first time on this service. The view of Stonehenge is copied from vol. II, plate 74.